Learn About the Components and Functions of Split Air Conditioners

Air condition has become a necessity in severe summer heat, which is on an increasing mode each year. In addition, along with heat, humidity also increases.

Air conditions are intended to regulate room temperature and humidity, which are two worst issues in summer. There are varieties of air conditioners but a split AC system is great option to centralized AC or window AC. This system is also called duct-free, ductless split or mini-split AC. It can sufficiently cool standard size home without need of extensive installation effort and cost. You can click on compareraja.in to get familiar with crucial specs of different AC brands.

Voltas Split AC doesn’t need ductwork, so energy expenses get reduced. Still, several people recoil from choosing split system because they are not aware of how it works or reasons to choose it for cooling solution.


Split air conditioning system has two major parts like in every kind of ACs – evaporator and compressor. Split system is separated into two parts – one for outdoor and the other for indoor. Outdoor includes compressor, which starts the cooling process. The indoor includes evaporator and the fan.

Both sections are linked with lines, which transports air between both sections. These lines allow split AC to be regarded as ductless. Tubing and wires are discreet in comparison to the large length of ducts, so they are also called mini-splits.

How split AC function?

Internal thermostat controls the compressor. As soon as the thermostat detects warm air, the outdoor compressor activates. Refrigerant gas gets compressed and circulated into series of pipes under increased pressure and temperature. Refrigerant moves towards the condenser coil.

Condenser coil eliminates heat from high pressure gas and so refrigerant turns into chilled liquid, which gets pushed towards the evaporator. In the interior unit evaporator fan sucks warm air, filters and passes it over condenser coil holding chilled liquid refrigerant. Heat from air gets absorbed and fan blows this cool air in the room. Thus, the overall temperature in the room lowers.

The cycle continues till room cools to a desired temperature. The excess heat and refrigerant returns back in the compressor [outdoor unit], so that cycle starts again.

Reasons to install split AC system

Less energy loss

Split AC is compact and its two components are isolated. There is hardly any chance for heat or energy to escape from the system. Ductwork system in centralized air condition enables wastage of significant energy, during heat exchange. This issue gets removed in split AC.

Less heat loss

Split AC are much preferable than window units. The latter is small but even with carefully sealed windows heat is allowed to enter the room. Thus, the cooling effect gets affected to some extent.

Targeted cooling

You can have multi-split system installed. One outdoor compressor is connected with five indoor units. Each room needs can be controlled individually and cooled to desired temperature.

Affordable installation

Many dealers offer free installation, if you buy split AC from them. However, split AC does not need specialized installation technique but it is wise to have professionals do it. It helps to avoid installation glitches and issues, in due course.

Split AC is easy to install, operate and maintain. Even if you find its price high in the start, its energy efficient way of operating will prove its worth.